Researchers governed by Decree No. 80/275 of 18 July 1980 on the status of researchers are classified in one of the following grades: Researcher: these are junior researchers who must, for at least two years, confirm their aptitude for research. research, in particular through the acquisition of knowledge, methods and in-depth research techniques in their specialties; Research Scientist: these are researchers in full professional maturation, attested in particular by the production of original works contributing to the advancement of science or the development of techniques. They guide the research associates under their responsibility in the execution of their work programs and in the presentation of the work necessary for their confirmation; Master of Research: These are qualified researchers who assist the research directors in parallel with the continuation of their own work. They lead research teams either under their own responsibility or under the responsibility of a research director; Research Director: they provide top-level scientific or technical responsibilities in their specialties where they must have obtained the highest diplomas and have recognized professional experience and reputation. They animate ...
IRAD has 5 agricultural research centers (Maroua, Wakwa, Bambui, Ekona, Nkolbisson) located in the five agroecological zones of Cameroon, and 3 specialized centers (Dibamba, Kribi, Dja and Lobo).
The different coordinations and their programs are: Annual crops: roots, tubers and banana-plantain; legumes and vegetable crops; cereals; industrial crops. Perennial crops: latex plants; oleaginous plants; fruits; stimulating plants. Animal and fishery products: cattle; animal health; fisheries and aquaculture; monogastric; small ruminants. Production Systems, Economics and Rural Sociology: intensification and diversification; food Technology; agroforestry; socio-economy. Forest soil and environment: biodiversity; soil, water and atmosphere; forest and wood.
IRAD is administrated by two (02) bodies, including the Board of Directors and the General Management.
IRAD carries out research activities aimed at promoting agricultural development in the fields of plant, animal, fisheries, forestry and environmental production, as well as food and agro-industrial technologies. It is responsible for: Implementing scientific programming around the priority axes for the development of the country, based on the real needs of the users both at the national level and in each of the agro-ecological zones; To ensure the sustainable management of basic resources and the conservation of the environment; To develop agro-food and agro-industrial technologies; To build collections for research; Promote the use of technological data to meet the needs of users of the research; To research all information having an impact on agricultural development; To provide training for the researchers and technicians necessary for the accomplishment of its mission, as well as the collection, processing and dissemination of scientific and technological information in the fields of its competence; To maintain relations of scientific and technical cooperation with specialized national and international institutions; Assist the state authorities on issues related to intellectual property and technology transfer, with a view to increasing ...
An agro-ecological zone determines a map unit that is defined by climate, soils (or substrates) and land pattern (geology), and / or vegetation cover, and with specific constraints and capabilities related to the use of land, including soil zones. In other words, an agro-ecological zone is a unit used for the mapping of land resources, defined on the basis of climate, terrain and soils, and / or their cover; for land use, it has specific potentials and constraints.
As IRAD staff, IRAD can employ: directly recruited staff: this staff is composed of contract researchers recruited by the Ministry of Public Service and Administrative Reform on the proposal of the Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, and a scientific and technical support framework and a scientific support framework, recruited directly by IRAD; seconded officials; State agents under the Labor Code who are assigned to him at the request of the Director General. As a consultant: Consult IRAD's calls for tenders and projects, and submit your application in accordance with the regulations in force. As a trainee: Depending on the field requested, the candidate / trainee must approach the head of research center, station or antenna where he would like to do his internship with a request explaining his need. As partners: ......
IRAD works in the 10 regions of Cameroon through its centers, stations, antennas and specialized research centers.
The scientific activities are implemented through twenty research programs and projects in five scientific fields, namely: annual crops, perennial crops, animal and fish production, forest, soil and environment, production systems, rural economy and sociology. The projects are carried out in the various regional centers with the support of the government and IRAD partners. The activities of valorization of the available results and the innovations are realized within the framework of the Direction of the valorization and the Innovation, the cell of programming and production scientists, the cell of cooperation and the cell of the communication and documentation.
The Agricultural Research Institute for Development (IRAD) is an administrative public administrative institution (EPA) created in 1996 by Decree No. 96/050 of 12 March 1996, as amended by Decree No. 2002/230 of 6 September 2002. IRAD has legal personality and financial autonomy. Its headquarters are based in Yaoundé and it is under the technical supervision of the Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation, and under the financial supervision of the Ministry of Finance.
How Many Agroecological Zones Are There In Cameroon?
Due to its geoclimatic situation characterized by its relief and its stretching in latitude as well as entries of humid maritime air to the south and Sahelian dry air to the north, Cameroon is a mosaic of natural environments which constitute as many assets for the agricultural development. The diversity of pedo-climatic conditions makes it possible to subdivide the national territory into 5 major agro-ecological zones:
This area is between latitude 5 ° 42 "to 8 ° 36" N and longitude 11 ° 24 "to 14 ° 36" E. Administratively, it covers the northern regions, Adamaoua and the northern part of the Mbam departments in the Central and Lom-and-Djerem region in the Eastern Region, on a total area of 138,000 km². It is largely constituted by a vast plateau of altitudes between 900 and 1500 m, with peaks reaching 1800 m. The climate is of the Sudanese tropical type with two seasons per year. The average annual rainfall is about 1500 mm. Due to the altitude, the temperatures are moderate, with monthly averages of around 20 to 26 ° C. This is the preferred zone for maize, millet, sorghum and groundnuts, as well as yams;
This zone is between 4 ° 54 "at 6 ° 36" north latitude and 9 ° 18 "at 11 ° 24" east longitude and integrates the western and northwestern regions over a total area of 3, 1 million hectares. It is a region of plateaus, the main ones being the Bamoun plateau, the Bamileke plateau and the volcanic plateaus of Bamenda. The climate is of equatorial type of altitude characterized by two seasons of unequal lengths. The altitude lowers average temperatures (19 ° C annual average), the rains are abundant and vary between 1500-2000 mm per year. This is the domain of savannahs and gallery forests. This area is favorable to a mosaic of crops including Arabica coffee, tea, banana, maize, peanuts, rice, vegetable crops, etc .
This zone is between 2 ° 6 "to 4 ° 54" / 5 ° 48 "North latitude and 10 ° 30" to 16 ° 12 "East longitude. It covers almost the entire southern Cameroonian plateau between 500 and 1000 m altitude and integrates the central, southern and eastern regions on a total area of 22.5 million hectares. The climate is Guinean equatorial type characterized by high temperatures with annual averages of 25 ° C and a rainfall of 1500-2000 mm per year. The vegetation is mainly composed of dense evergreen and semi-deciduous forests. This zone is more favorable for the development of perennial crops (cocoa, robusta coffee, various fruit trees) and annual and multi-year crops (plantain, sugar cane, maize, tobacco, market gardening, tubers, etc.);
The zone of humid dense forests with single-mode rainfall is between 2 ° 6 "and 6 ° 12" N latitude, and 8 ° 48 "and 10 ° 30" longitude East. It affects the Littoral and Southwest regions, as well as the coastal border of the South region. It covers an area of 4.5 million hectares of which 282 000 (or 6.3%) are cultivated. It is essentially a low-altitude area whose monotony is broken by Mount Cameroon, which rises to 4095 m. Here reigns an equatorial monsoon climate, very humid, hot and rainy. The rainfall regime is of monomodal type. The rains are abundant and distributed throughout the year. They vary on average from 2,500 to 4,000 mm, with the exception of Debundscha, which is one of the most rainy regions in the world with 11,000 mm of water per year. Temperatures are high throughout the year and oscillate between 22 and 29 ° C. The humidity level of the air is between 85 and 90%. Here predominates the vegetation of dense damp forests under several types of cutlery. This is the area of choice for tubers and a variety of export crops in this case ...
This zone is between latitude 8 ° 36 "to 12 ° 54" North, and longitude 12 ° 30 "to 15 ° 42" East. Administratively, it covers the regions of the North and Far North, an area of 10.2 million hectares. Rainfall is monomodal and increases from north to south. It varies between 400 and 1200 mm per year from north to south. Unlike precipitation, temperatures decrease from north to south. Estimated average annual temperatures reach 28 ° C in Garoua. The soils consist mainly of lithomorphic vertisols associated with vertic soils and ferruginous soils more or less leached. The vegetation is mainly made of prickly steppes, periodically flooded grasslands called "yaéré". Suitable crops for this area include sorghum, millet, cotton, maize, rice, peanuts, cowpeas and other crops. vegetable crops.