Animal production and fisheries account for about 20% of Cameroon’s agricultural production. The vision of the Coordination is to increase the production and productivity of animal and fisheries resources, conserve and multiply animal genetic resources and develop appropriate nutrition-sensitive and climate-smart technologies for all the country’s agro-ecological zones. To achieve these objectives, the Coordination operates five research programs: Cattle, Monogastric, Small ruminants, Animal health, Fisheries and Aquaculture. Major activities are carried out at Nkolbisson, Wakwa, Bambui, Ekona, Mankon, Bangangte, Batoke, Foumban and Kribi.
- Produce highly performing breeds, conserve and multiply indigenous animal genetic resources;
- Develop feeds with low carbon and Greenhouse Gases emission properties and appropriate feeding rations using conventional/non conventional feed resources;
- Elaborate appropriate fishing methods and fish pond management techniques;
- Identify economically important livestock pests and diseases and develop appropriate management strategies including traditional methods;
- Develop disease/climate change resilient species.
Bovine program (cows, bulls)
Scientific activities conducted in this program are:
- Production and preservation of performant indigenous and other breeds;
- Development of improved pasture management technologies;
- Development of sustained animal traction technologies for improved agricultural production;
- Selective breeding of local cattle for improved beef and dairy products;
- Development of integrated pests and diseases management strategies.
Monogastric program (poultry, pigs, rabbits, non-conventionallivestock: grass cutters and snails)
Research activities are carried out on poultry, pigs, rabbits and non-conventional animals like snails, grass cutters and guinea pigs. The non-conventional livestock component addresses protein deficiency and fights against poaching.
This Program aims at:
- Selecting and improving indigenous livestock;
- Formulating rations using available feed resources and agricultural by-products;
- Developing context-based feeds in some agro-ecological zones.
Fisheries and Aquaculture program
The program involves breeding of local and exotic species, husbandry of important fresh-water and marine organisms as well as control of local and commercial fish farming.
The research activities include:
Assessment of coastal resources;
Development of appropriate fishing methods and protocols on best management practices;
Production of quality freshwater genitors and fingerlings;
Identification and domestication of freshwater fishes with aquaculture potentials;
Production of quality fish feeds using locally available agricultural by-products.
Small ruminants program (sheep, goats, dwarf goats)
The research activities of this Program are geared towards:
- Enhancement of meat and milk production;
- Development of highly performing indigenous breeds of sheep and dwarf goats;
- Improvement of pasture management technologies and off land production infrastructure.
Animal Health Program
The Program carries out research activities that address economically important and emerging animal health challenges. These include:
- Prophylactic and therapeutic veterinary services which improve the marketability of our nation’s animals;
- Identification of common livestock pests and diseases and development of control strategies;
- Improvement of indigenous treatment and prevention methods.
Artificial insemination technology has been developed and disseminated;
Breeds with early sexual maturity and high milk yield potential have been developed and disseminated.
Context specific feed formulae and pelleted feed have been developed and disseminated;
Technology for optimum day-old chicks’ production has been developed and disseminated.
Cost-effective itineraries for sustainable poultry and rabbit production have been developed;
Technology for domestication of non-conventional livestock (quails, snails and cane rats) have been developed and disseminated.
Fisheries and Aquaculture
Appropriate technics for increased survival of freshwater fish species (Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus longifilis, Cyprinus carpio, Heterotis niloticus, and Orecochromis niloticus) have been developed;
Technologies for intensive out-of-pond fish production have been disseminated;
An inventory of 300 fish species belonging to 60 families have been done;
Wild species (Lates niloticus, Citharinus citharus, Gymnarchus niloticus, etc) with high aquaculture potentials have been identified, domesticated and disseminated;
Technologies are available for large-scale production and dissemination of fingerlings and brood stock.
Profiles of goat and sheep breeds for genetic improvement are available;
Off-land rearing systems for sustainable and intensive production have been developed;
Improved agro-sylvo-pastoral systems have been developed;
High milk yielding goat breeds have been introduced and disseminated.
Epidemiology of main livestock diseases in Cameroon accompanied by prophylaxis have been elaborated;
Identification and isolation of four strains of African swine fever pathogen;
Prophylaxis and treatment program tailored for poultry and bovine. For instance, major tick-borne and tick-associated diseases such as Babesiosis, anaplasmosis, heartwater and dermatophilosis in the cattle herds have been realized.
A vaccination protocol against Pests des Petits Ruminants (PPR) has been developed.