Animal production and fisheries account for about 20% of Cameroon’s agricultural production. The vision of the Coordination is to increase the production and productivity of animal and fisheries resources, conserve and multiply  animal genetic resources and develop appropriate nutrition-sensitive and climate-smart technologies for all the country’s agro-ecological zones. To achieve these objectives, the Coordination operates five research programs: Cattle, Monogastric, Small ruminants, Animal health, Fisheries and Aquaculture. Major activities are carried out at Nkolbisson, Wakwa, Bambui, Ekona, Mankon, Bangangte, Batoke, Foumban and Kribi.

Objectives

  • Produce highly performing breeds, conserve and multiply indigenous animal genetic resources;
  • Develop feeds with low carbon and Greenhouse Gases emission properties and appropriate feeding rations using conventional/non conventional feed resources;
  • Elaborate appropriate fishing methods and fish pond management techniques;
  • Identify economically important livestock pests and diseases and develop appropriate management strategies including traditional methods;
  • Develop disease/climate change resilient species.

Research Programs

Bovine program (cows, bulls)

Scientific activities conducted in this program are:

  • Production and preservation of performant indigenous and other breeds;
  • Development of improved pasture management technologies;
  • Development of sustained animal traction technologies for improved agricultural production;
  • Selective breeding of local cattle for improved beef and dairy products;
  • Development of integrated pests and diseases management strategies.

Monogastric program (poultry, pigs, rabbits, non-conventionallivestock: grass cutters and snails)

Research activities are carried out on poultry, pigs, rabbits and non-conventional animals like snails, grass cutters and guinea pigs. The non-conventional livestock component addresses protein deficiency and fights against poaching.

This Program aims at:

  • Selecting and improving indigenous livestock;
  • Formulating rations using available feed resources and agricultural by-products;
  • Developing context-based feeds in some agro-ecological zones.

Fisheries and Aquaculture program

The program involves breeding of local and exotic species, husbandry of important fresh-water and marine organisms as well as control of local and commercial fish farming.

The research activities include:

  • Assessment of coastal resources;

  • Development of appropriate fishing methods and protocols on best management practices;

  • Production of quality freshwater genitors and fingerlings;

  • Identification and domestication of freshwater fishes with aquaculture potentials;

  • Production of quality fish feeds using locally available agricultural by-products.

Small ruminants program (sheep, goats, dwarf goats)

The research activities of this Program are geared towards:

  • Enhancement of meat and milk production;
  • Development of highly performing indigenous breeds of sheep and dwarf goats;
  • Improvement of pasture management technologies and off land production infrastructure.

Animal Health Program

The Program carries out research activities that address economically important and emerging animal health challenges. These include:

  • Prophylactic and therapeutic veterinary services which improve the marketability of our nation’s animals; 
  • Identification of common livestock pests and diseases and development of control strategies;
  • Improvement of indigenous treatment and prevention methods.

Salient Results

Bovine

  • Artificial insemination technology has been developed and disseminated;

  • Breeds with early sexual maturity and high milk yield potential have been developed and disseminated.

Monogastric

  • Context specific feed formulae and pelleted feed have been developed and disseminated;

  • Technology for optimum day-old chicks’ production has been developed and disseminated.

  • Cost-effective itineraries for sustainable poultry and rabbit production have been developed;

  • Technology for domestication of non-conventional livestock (quails, snails and cane rats) have been developed and disseminated.

Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Appropriate technics for increased survival of freshwater fish species (Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus longifilis, Cyprinus carpio, Heterotis niloticus, and Orecochromis niloticus) have been developed;

  • Technologies for intensive out-of-pond fish production have been disseminated;

  • An inventory of 300 fish species belonging to 60 families have been done;

  • Wild species (Lates niloticus, Citharinus citharus, Gymnarchus niloticus, etc) with high aquaculture potentials have been identified, domesticated and disseminated;

  • Technologies are available for large-scale production and dissemination of fingerlings and brood stock.

Small Ruminants

  • Profiles of goat and sheep breeds for genetic improvement are available;

  • Off-land rearing systems for sustainable and intensive production have been developed;

  • Improved agro-sylvo-pastoral systems have been developed;

  • High milk yielding goat breeds have been introduced and disseminated.

Animal Health

  • Epidemiology of main livestock diseases in Cameroon accompanied by prophylaxis have been elaborated;

  • Identification and isolation of four strains of African swine fever pathogen;

  • Prophylaxis and treatment program tailored for poultry and bovine. For instance, major tick-borne and tick-associated diseases such as Babesiosis, anaplasmosis, heartwater and dermatophilosis in the cattle herds have been realized.

  • A vaccination protocol against Pests des Petits Ruminants (PPR) has been developed.

On-Going Projects

Perspectives

1 Develop pest and disease resistant and climate resilient livestock and aquaculture species with high productive potentials;
2. Develop technologies to improve feed quality and animal health;
3. Develop artificial insemination program for pigs;
4. Intensify non-conventional livestock production;
5. Capacity building of junior scientists and rural development
stakeholders.

Perspectives